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Dr. Carlos Sabrosa 

When clinical and science facts meet simplicity, precision, and efficiency


Indirect restorative procedures are highly complex. They consist of many different clinical and laboratory steps, and each separate step implicates several clinical challenges. It is possible to carry out these steps and approach the related challenges in many ways. While having options is generally positive, it also creates confusion and uncertainty. The main objective of this lecture is to show evidence-based requirements and conceptual bases to optimize and efficiently achieve results in modern restorative with focus on impression and cementation procedures.

Dr. Rasha Ahmed

Easy steps for success in direct restoration 


Children and young adults often present to a dental practice after accidents that affect their anterior teeth. In many situations, only 1 tooth is affected by the trauma, and choosing the right treatment option can be complex. Esthetic restoration of the maxillary anterior dentition can be accomplished by using direct or indirect techniques. Direct resin composite restoration can be characterized as a life-like definitive restoration and is a predictable, conservative, and reliable chairside procedure.

When dentists perform anterior composite restorations, the selection of materials and equipment, including the type of composite, the type of adhesive system, and the kind of light curing unit, may influence mechanical properties and ultimately affect clinical performance

Several different composites are available in the market, including: microflled composites, providing a more polishable surface; hybrid composites jointing resistance and smooth surface; and more recently the composites with nanofillers, offering several advantages over the previously available composites. Adhesive systems have also undergone significant modifications and currently there is a large range of adhesive systems available to clinicians, including two-step and three-step etch-and-rinse systems and the two-step and one-step self-etch systems

The simplification of the technique reduces the possibility of professional error and the total time to perform composite restoration.


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